Theme reviewing

I recently got a chance to assign my own themes in the WordPress Theme Trac in order to review submitted themes. I am beyond elated and feel a little honored at the same time. Some people may not understand what that means to me but I’m not too worried about that.

What this means to me is that I can now go in and review newly submitted themes and give feedback to the developer about the status of their theme. Approved or not. Sounds a little simple but there is more to it. I look over the implementation of both functionality and presentation of content.

The nice thing is that I am learning more and more about how WordPress works and feel even more confident about my coding skills to the point where I may just try to apply for an entry level web developer job or support staff job at Automattic.com since they have a happiness engineer job have been eyeing for some time now.

To top things off I have been in a better mood more and more these past few weeks. A lot of it is knowing that I can make a difference and actually seeing it. Motivation has been pretty clear in not only my everyday life but a bit more at work. I know, slightly branching off but it is on my mind. Always will be no matter what job I do.

WordPress has slowly become my learning annex and I love it. I have learned a lot since I first began looking at the code and working with Theme Development. This coming year will be full of good things and I can feel it.

Learning with practice

The progress of my theme is decent. I have been learning how to work with Git and SVN more and more. I did recently have a little conversation with @ipstenu on Twitter about learning version control. Yes, I am still learning how to harness the power of simple commits and getting the hang of how to use branches and tags.

Which brought me to my main point: tutorials.

People on the web have dozens and dozens of them. Some are better than others and some are just beyond outdated. I was looking for a tutorial on how version control works using SVN. You would think I would find at least five. No. I found links talking about how SVN works but no real tutorial.

@ipstenu asked me if I could find one noob friendly tutorial. Of course I couldn’t. True, there wasn’t one. Yet. I have been contemplating creating a simple tutorial on how to use TortoiseSVN in a local setup. Sounds simple, right? Yes and no. The writing is a simple thing but taking all those screenshots to go with that will be a task in itself. I know I’m capable of it I just now have to find the time. Keeping in mind that even my current knowledge is not that great but it should suffice for the time being.

One of the first things that I learned was ‘commit’ so of course that will be the first topic. Next in line is ‘branches’ and ‘tags. and how they work. That is one thing I still haven’t yet mastered through a GUI. Just takes me back to when I was in Junior High and learning about computers but that is another story.

Yes, tutorials have helped me understand certain things but often times I don’t really learn unless I put forth the effort. Learning by practice is a great method and a great way for me and others to learn as well. I just hope that I can get my tutorial written out so that people understand. Although this has given me an idea for a future post: translation.

HTML validation issues

If it’s one thing I hate it’s loading up a site, click on something and then the layout gets all wonky on me. For the last two years I have read and learned about HTML and CSS validation. The one thing I have learned is that there are people out there that don’t care for it.

What I have learned from reading tutorials, forums and glanced from other (what I consider professionals) developers is that validation is key. I, too, agree that it should be good practice. Better yet: natural. The one issue I have run into as of lately is that WordPress will output an empty element and you get an error in validation. The other thing I noticed is that often times an image doesn’t always get a “alt” attribute. Yes, this can be remedied by making one in the media editing section but what happens when a user doesn’t put one in?

I think that by default WordPress should at least create a sort of container or filler for those rare scenarios. A good example is the gallery shortcode and the captions it creates; or rather it doesn’t. When there is no caption for the image it will still output that element but will be empty. Bad. Rather than creating an empty element just don’t output it. Again: bad.

So, rather than nothing do something. It’s what I kind of did with a quick solution.

$caption = wptexturize( $image->post_excerpt );
 if ( !empty($caption) ) {
 $output .= "tt< {$captiontag} class='wp-caption-text gallery-caption'>" . $caption . "n";
 } else {
 $caption = "No caption entered";
 $output .= "tt< {$captiontag} class='no-caption'>" . $caption . "n";
 }

It works for my needs and what is really nice is that if I forget to put a caption on an image for my gallery posts it will say: No caption entered.

Now I just have to work on REGEX to remove unwanted attributes. The journey continues! 🙂

One more week

Earlier today when I got home from work I did my usual routine of updating to the most current development version of WordPress, made sure all other applications were up to date and opened up my code editor (Notepad++) to view and edit my theme files. Since I was wide awake I tried my hand at experimenting with Git and TortoiseGit on my main computer. One thing leads to another and I managed to delete my theme. I hadn’t made the last commit of adding my modified gallery shortcode.

Needless to say I am kicking myself pretty hard. What this means now is that I am starting over with a new repo but still with SVN and not Git. Git will be for my next project theme. The reason I am starting over is because I deleted the working copy and didn’t realize that I hadn’t added all the files and hadn’t made all the commits I needed to be in sync.

In about one week WordPress 3.5 will be launching and I am pretty stoked about it. The reason is because the way media is uploaded has improved. I feel this is a huge step in the right direction for WordPress development and adoption. People want to be able to share not only their stories but some want to share photos, videos and sometimes audio. The uploader is fairly easy to use and the user interface is elegantly designed.

But enough drooling about what is to come more about what I was trying to get across: patience. I have plenty of it and sometimes I feel I have too much of it. In one week I will make an attempt to rebuild all the code I lost and have it all finished by the time 3.5 launches. This should be manageable since I know what files I need this time after having tested file hierarchy with my previously deleted theme.

Today I created all the empty files and committed that to the repository so I can code away and make the final commits when I am satisfied with the code; that way I won’t have so many commits and a lot versions to go through down the line if I ever have to see why I did what I did.

My new addiction

No, not a drug; although some people may consider it a drug. Over the last few weeks I have been more driven to learn about web development. One of the things that I have learned is to document everything. I pretty much have tried to document every little detail of my learning process and I love every minute of it.

So far, one of the greatest things that I have learned was from viewing a WordPress video about theme development. The lesson was to use a version control system and commit wisely. I have since started to learn how to work with SVN and am in the midst of learning how Git works. Both are phenomenal tools that are great to know.

But really, what I was really trying to say is that I recently have spent – what seems to be for some – an unhealthy amount of time online. I have frequented the WordPress.org support forums and been looking at random WordPress themes from the repository to get a glimpse of how other developer code for their themes. It has been insightful and good.

Truly the best lesson out of it all is documenting everything. I think that is why I have been more and more compelled to blog about it all. It’s not really about sharing but learning by doing it so it sticks better.

In a way my digital addiction just may very well lead me in the right direction of what I really love to do. I say this because I really have learned a lot communication and development. Socialization and communication is a powerful medium not to be taken for granted. The way we interact with one another has drastically changed and will continue to change. Social media and sites have played a huge role in my life and I feel that it will be a great fit for me down the road.

Don’t get me wrong, I still would love to get a degree in computer science one day but for the time being I am beyond happy with how my life is going. I am learning new things in PHP, HTML, CSS, and just the web in general everyday and I am slowly getting the confidence to apply for a job I know will better suit me and the lifestyle I want to lead.

Me, WordPress and Template tags

Recently I have been working more diligently on putting some finishing touches on my personal blog’s theme. Working on a local machine is so much easier now that I understand how it works. I remember when I started out with PHP it was painful.

I got frustrated because I didn’t know where the files had to go at first, the changes I had made to the configuration weren’t taking effect and random little things that almost discouraged me from continuing.

The other day I was reading on the WordPress forums seeing if there was somebody I could help. One thing leads to another and I wind up looking at frameworks, plugins and template tags. Now, I have posted something pretty similar to this before because it was a bit of a rant when I saw somebody posting code I felt was not good practice but that is besides the point at the moment.

What I really want to get to is why I’m writing about template tags. They are an extremely useful thing to know – to some. WordPress has several template tags at your disposal and I love it. There are however some that I have seen in some themes that I would love to use in some of my themes down the road.

A perfect example is using a template tag for navigational links. WordPress has a really good template tag:

< ?php posts_nav_link(); ?>

Simple. It does the job: create navigational links for more posts. I feel the downside to that is that it is all in one container. Yes, there are ways around it by creating your own template tag (which a lot of people seem to do) and use that instead. But what to use? I like the Kubrick method of navigational links where rather than using the one

post_nav_links()

you use two in one. Creating a previous and next link is easy. A better way of doing this is if you are using just the bare minimum amount of files in a WordPress theme is using conditionals to create the navigational links for certain looks.

< ?php
/* Create page navigation and post navigation
 * depending on what is being viewed.
 */
if ( is_single() ) { ?>
  
< ?php } else { ?>

< ?php } // end else statement

The little snippet works fairly decent but it is a little cluttered. It can be simplified a little more so that the only things that change are the

<

div>s containing the actual links. So we can modify it to:

< ?php
/* Create page navigation and post navigation
 * depending on what is being viewed.
 */

Now we don't repeat code and saves some processing power for other things. Amazing what cutting down two lines of code will do! Now we can wrap all that into a function and use it as a template tag to make things easier in an

index.php

file. So the final code would look something like:

/* Create page navigation and post navigation
 * depending on what is being viewed.
 */

function my_theme_nav_links() { ?>
  
< ?php }; // end my_theme_nav_links() 

Now we can use the function anywhere in our theme for post navigation.